This is the circuit design of vibration sensor alarm. Initially, when power switch S1 “on” position, power indicator LED1 lights up immediately. IC LM555 (IC1), wired as a simple latch circuit with control input, is powered and R-C components R4 and C5 connected at its reset pin 4 force the latch to standby mode (with inactive low output). The circuit is driven into sleep mode.
IC1 = LM555
IC2 = UM3561
R1 = 4.7M, R2 = 1K, R3 = 10K, R4 = 10K,
R5 = 4.7ohm, R6 = 470ohm, R7 = 270ohm,
R8 = 1K, R9 = 10K
C1 = 0.1uf, C2 = 0.01uf, C3 = 0.1uf
C4 = 100uf, C5 = 10uf, C6 = 1uf (25v)
T1 = BS170, T2 = BC547, T3 = SL100
ZD1 = 3.3v Zener diode
D1-D2 = 1N4148
LS1 = 8ohm, 0.5W
PZ1 = Piezo Sensor
S1 = On/Off switch
As soon as vibration is detected, MOSFET T1 is fired by the positive-going pulse output from the vibration sensing mechanism built around piezo-ceramic wafer and associated components. As a result, control input pins 2 and 6 of IC1 latch are grounded. Output pin 3 of IC1 now goes high. The positive supply from output pin 3 of IC1 is extended to three-tone siren generator UM3561 (IC2) through R5, D1 and R6. Components R6 and ZD1 stablished the input power supply of IC2 to around 3.3V. Output signals from IC2 are amplified by Darlington-pair transistors T2 and T3 to produce alert tone (police siren sound) via loudspeaker LS1.
Reset switch S1 can be used to switch off the alarm sound by resetting the latch circuit. For safety, use key-lock type switches for S1 and S2. A relay can also be connected at the output socket (SOC1) of the circuit to energized high power beacons, emergency sirens and fence electrification units.
The smart vibration sensor alarm circuit powered with a 9V DC power supply. A compact PP3-/6F22-type alkaline battery can be used to power the circuit.